What is tooth decay?
Tooth decay, sometimes also known as cavity or caries, is one of the most common conditions to affect both adults and children in the UK. Some people are at higher risk of developing decay than others and it’s commonly caused by plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth.
What are the causes of tooth decay?
The bacteria in plaque react with sugar in the foods and drinks we consume to produce acids. Over time, the acid in plaque can begin to breakdown the hard outer-surface of the tooth (the enamel) to form a cavity. At this stage, you may not have any symptoms at all. If left untreated, the cavity can progress to the deeper, softer layer of the tooth (dentine). At this stage, you may experience sensitivity to hot and cold when eating and drinking. Finally, decay can then expose the nerves (the pulp) inside a tooth. Exposure of the pulp to bacteria may cause a dental abscess, which can be very painful.
Where does decay form?
Tooth decay can occur:
- On the biting surfaces of teeth
- Between teeth
- On root surfaces
- Around existing fillings and crowns (recurrent decay)
- Especially on back teeth that are harder to keep clean
What happens when tooth decay isn’t effectively treated?
Once the decay has advanced, it sometimes requires a filling to treat the cavity and ensure that the tooth is not further damaged. However, if the decay has advanced beyond the point that this is possible, it can mean that teeth might need root canal treatment, crowns to be fitted, or even for teeth to be extracted altogether.
Why might you make a compensation claim for tooth decay?
If you have tooth decay that has not been correctly diagnosed or effectively treated by your dentist, despite regular visits, the problem can progress to a stage where you need to have restorative dental treatment, or you may even have teeth that cannot be saved and require extraction. If your dentist has been negligent in your care, and this results in pain, suffering or financial loss, you may be eligible to make a claim for compensation.
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Dental negligence: tooth decay compensation claims – more info:How can tooth decay be prevented?
For most people, the presence and progression of decay is heavily influenced by their lifestyle, so there are a number of ways to help prevent the issue or stop it from getting worse.
- Good oral hygiene: Brush your teeth twice a day for two-three minutes using toothpaste that contains fluoride
- You should also floss in between your teeth (this particularly helps prevent decay in between your teeth)
- Limit the frequency and amount of sugary food and drinks you consume
- Visit your dentist regularly
What can my dentist do to prevent my tooth decay?
Your dentist should carefully examine your teeth to check for decay. Decay can sometimes be detected using vision alone, but as part of your regular check-ups and visits to see them, your dentist should spot the early signs that decay is starting to take hold.
Once any early signs of tooth decay have been found by your dentist, they should inform you and make sure that you are aware of the measures to take that can help stop the progression of decay further.
Your dentist should also take x-rays when necessary (there are guidelines your dentist can follow that recommend the intervals at which x-rays should be taken). The x-rays can detect decay in between your teeth, and they can also help determine the extent of any decay.
Your dentist can clean your teeth to remove plaque, provide tailored instruction on how to keep your teeth clean and give you advice on your diet. They will advise you on how regularly you should attend for check-ups – the frequency is determined by how ‘at-risk’ you are of developing decay.
Treating tooth decay
If your dentist detects decay at an early stage, the treatment is simple and non- invasive. He or she will advise you on the measures that you can take to help prevent the decay from progressing further. A fluoride varnish may be applied to help stop the decay progressing.
If the decay is detected at a later stage, your dentist will need to place a filling after decay has been removed. Larger cavities may need a crown. If decay has reached a very advanced stage, you may need root canal treatment or even tooth extraction.
Frequently Asked Questions
How much compensation could I get for a tooth decay claim?
The compensation that you may be awarded, if your claim is successful, will depend on the individual circumstances of your case and the extent to which you have suffered as a result of your dentist’s negligence. If your claim goes to court and is successful, the judge will decide on the compensation amount to be paid. However, most dental negligence cases are settled before they reach this point. Your legal representatives should discuss the various options with you at every stage of your claim, to help you get the most positive outcome possible.
What can I do if I think I might have a dental negligence claim for tooth decay?
If you think that you might be eligible to make a dental negligence claim because your dentist didn’t properly diagnose or treat your tooth decay, the first thing you should do is speak to legal experts to find out if your claim might be valid. You can find out what your options are and find out how to proceed with a claim. You can see more about the process of making a dental negligence claim here.
How do I know if I have tooth decay?
It can be difficult to tell if you have tooth decay in the early stages as there may not be any symptoms for you to notice. This is one reason why it’s important to go for regular check-ups with your dentist, so that they can spot the signs early even if you are not yet feeling any ill effects.
As tooth decay advances, you will usually start to notice some symptoms, which can include:
- Visible staining or small pits/holes on teeth that are visible when you look at your teeth in the mirror
- Toothache without an apparent cause
- Sensitivity to sweet, hot or cold drinks or food
- Pain when biting down as you eat
- Broken or damaged teeth
If the problem becomes severe, you might experience symptoms that interfere with your usual daily activities, making chewing and eating difficult, causing dental abscesses, or even causing you to lose teeth entirely.
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Mr S, East Yorkshire – 20/12/2019
I just wanted to say a big thank you to you, and your colleagues at Dental Law, for all your hard work in pursuing my claim. I was very pleased with the outcome. Every aspect of the case was handled with the upmost professionalism and clear advice throughout. The advice on liability and quantum was right on the mark. I would not hesitate in recommending Dental Law.
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• A woman from the east of England suffered an avoidable period of pain and suffering as a result of infection and suffered an avoidable repeat root canal treatment. • Ms C lost a tooth and will lose another tooth in the future. • £8,000 awarded in compensation Between 2011 to 2013 […]
• Ms R experienced severe episode of pain and sensitivity • An infection in her tooth was left to spread which eventually led to its avoidable extraction • £5,000 awarded in compensation Ms R suffered multiple episodes of pain when her dentist failed to perform a root canal treatment properly, this meant many trips to […]
• A man in his 30’s from The North East will lose a tooth after his dentists failed to spot and treat decay. • A piece of dental equipment had been left in his tooth after a root canal treatment, this caused him intense pain and he was unable to chew. • £4000 awarded in […]
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