There are risks associated with any type of dental procedure, so your dentist should explain fully what the extraction involves and any post-extraction care that is needed to minimise the risks of developing any future problems because of it. Some of the most common problems experienced after an extraction include:
This is where a blood clot (which is usually naturally formed by the body and acts as a protective layer whilst healing) does not form properly in the tooth socket, or if it dissolves or dislodges before the area has healed. It can cause severe pain; the area can become inflamed and over the counter medication won’t be enough to treat the symptoms. Dry socket is more likely to be experienced if the extraction was difficult, as trauma caused to the area can increase the chances of this occurring.
During an extraction, it can be possible for some nerve damage to occur. Whilst this damage can be temporary in most cases, usually lasting a few weeks or months, it can be permanent if the damage is severe. Nerve damage generally results in pain, a tingling sensation, or can show as numbness in the tongue, lip, chin, teeth or gums.
The mouth is full of bacteria and whilst this isn’t always a bad thing, it can result in an infection after a tooth extraction for some patients. After an extraction, it’s normal to experience a little bleeding and pain in the day or so after the procedure, but if it continues after this, or gets worse, it can be a sign of infection. Some people also experience swelling and pus as a result of an infection.
If you experience any problems after a tooth extraction, you should visit a dentist as soon as possible.